Ventral Cranial Anatomy of the Adult Female
Note the sinus cavities (maxillary and frontal) and curled nasal conchae (turbinates). The concae are spongy bones where inhaled air is moisturized and temperature-regulated, protecting the delicate olfactory epithelium.
Atlas d’anatomie topographique. Eugène-Louis Doyen. 1911.
Proper technique for removal of the heart from the body.
The heart should be grasped by inserting the index finger into the left ventricle, the thumb in the right ventricle, and grasping the ventricular septum. Raise the heart towards the chin, putting a stretch on the blood vessels. Cut vessels one-by-one in a circular direction, beginning with either the inferior vena cava or lower pulmonary vein.
Postmortem Pathology. Henry W. Cattell, 1906.
Newest edition to my “collection”. An old Needle Injector Gun used by embalmers to suture the jaw shut. Circa 1940~ range.
Injured in the Battle of Weldon Railroad, August 25, 1964. Lower portion of jaw carried away.
Hospitalized Aug. 28, 1864, wound granulating, voice somewhat impaired.
Healed and discharged, but deferred plastic surgery.
Left femur of a confederate soldier, white male, exhibiting attempts at
repair of a gunshot fracture of the upper third. Private E.W. A, Company
G, 5th Regiment, Florida. Physician unknown. Civil War, Gettysburg,
Pennsylvania. Pathological specimen 1938.
Intracranial aspiration in cerebro-spinal meningitis of the infant
For many decades, the anterior fontanelle of the infant was used as an alternative access point for emergency care (such as emergency rehydration), when a suitable vein could not be located. It was also used as a puncture site to drain the pus from cerebrospinal meningitis.
While intraosseous (IO) injection is now the alternative access point used in most practices, relieving cranial pressure due to meningitis or encephalitis is still occasionally done through the anterior fontanelle, if it has not yet closed.
In adults and babies whose fontanelles have closed - almost all by 18 months of age - the most common way to relieve intracranial pressure is through an emergency burr hole (a hand-drilled hole surprisingly akin to trepanation) or, in cases at more equipped facilities, craniotomy (creating a temporary hole) or craniostomy (creating a permanent hole).
Diseases of Infancy and Childhood. Louis Fischer, 1917.
A young boy with extensive burn wounds - pre surgery
"A 25-year-old man with leontiasis ossea as a complication of polyostotic fibrous dysplasia"
A 65-year-old South Korean woman was found to have hundreds of gold needles in her knees (pictured) after acupuncture treatment for her osteoarthritis. It’s thought they were left there intentionally.